”Så här har vi gått tillväga”
En kvalitativ studie av hur svenska undersökande journalister förhåller sig till transparens
Title: “Så här har vi gått tillväga” – En kvalitativ studie av hur svenska undersökande
journalister förhåller sig till transparens
Authors: Michael Larsson and Rasmus Lygner
Subject: Undergraduate research paper in journalism studies,
Department of journalism, media and communication (JMG), University of Gothenburg
Term: Fall 2016
Supervisor: Nicklas Håkansson, JMG, University of Gothenburg
Pages/words: 54 pages/19 485 words (including abstract and appendix)
Purpose: The main purpose of the study is to examine how Swedish
investigative journalists relate to the notion of transparency and apply it in
their everyday work routine.
Method: Qualitative in-depth interviews with Swedish investigative
Procedure: Seven interviews with investigative journalists were transcribed
and analyzed using Erving Goffman’s dramaturgical perspective, Michael Karlsson’s rituals of transparency and professional theory.
Results: The results of the study show that although transparency have not been
accepted as a new occupational norm by all investigative journalists, it
affects their relationship with the audience and way of working.
Transparency was associated with a wide variety of practices employed by
investigative journalists – such as making source material public, getting
the public involved in the news process or using transparency as a
form of storytelling – and regarded as a way to enhance credibility with
audiences. Furthermore, in some cases transparency was described as
increasing self-regulation among investigative journalists and being in
conflict with the confidentiality of sources.
Key words: Journalism, transparency, investigative journalism, trustworthiness,
Erving Goffman, Michael Karlsson, impression management, professional theory, self-regulation, digitalization, professionalism, in-depth interviews, credibility, journalistic rituals