Ethical and practical dilemmas of fact checking in Investigative Journalism
Case study of the Line by line method used
by the Swedish television program
In an era of misinformation and fake news the audience is confused and losestrust in media. The assumption of this researcher is that citizens need a watchdog journalism that obeys the basic principles of the profession such as verification. The purpose of this research is to find out what are the ethical and practical dilemmas that Investigative Journalism faces during the process of
verification, as well as to contextualize the current situation.
A qualitative case study will be conducted from an Interpretivism paradigm in order to study the line by line verification method that the investigative
Swedish program Uppdrag Granskning has been using during almost 15 years and that helped them to recover their audience trust. The findings show how verification needs to be anchored in the team since the beginning and journalists might pursue the principles of truth, accuracy and transparency, among others, in order to accomplish the watchdog role. Bias, facts that cannot be checked and anonymous sources were the biggestconcerns.