Informerade svenskar utan identitet

en kvalitativ studie om hur EU-­‐information förmedlas och en europeisk identitet reproduceras i Dagens Nyheter och Svenska Dagbladet

This bachelor thesis explores how two of Swedens most read and well considerd newspapers have provided the Swedish citizens with information about the treaty of Lisbon. Sweden became a memberstate of the European Union (EU) in 1995 and since then a lot has changed in the swedish political organisation. Now the Swedish citizens have to learn these changes, get to know and understand them. In this process media plays an important role. The main questions of the thesis are if the newspapers Dagens Nyheter and Svenska Dagbladet, two Swedish broadsheets with a large audience, provide their readers with information about the effects of the treaty of Lisbon. Changes and effects considering the political organisation of EU, power and influence. The study also examines whether the publications contribute to the formation of a new European identity. To answer the questions the method of Etnographic Content Analysis (ECA) has been used. Two themes were designed for the analysis: information about organisation, power and influence and information about identity. To these themes several questions have been asked to the material. The analyzed articles were chosen from the two year period when the treaty was to be approved in all of the national parliaments. Results show that information about the treaty of Lisbon has been provided to the readers. Although, the information has been of various quality and relevance. A lot of the articles focus on the ratification process of the treaty rather than the effects in power and influence that it might have on the memberstates and the European Union. The information that the articles provide are mainly focused on the changes of the political organisation. Other findings are that none of the newspapers can be considered to contribute to familiarize and to build a new European identity. This because the analyzed articles didn’t contain European perspectives and failed to put the European Union in a relevant context. In the conclusion the study shows that Dagens Nyheter and Svenska Dagbladet provides the Swedish readers with information about the treaty of Lisbon. Although the information mainly focused on the process and not on the effects the treaty. The newspapers did not contribute to the building of an European identity.

Helena Jan
Journalist, Journalistikgranskning , ht13
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